Title
Changing patterns in the epidemiology of traumatic brain injury Changing patterns in the epidemiology of traumatic brain injury
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
University Hospital Antwerp
Publication type
article
Publication
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Nature reviews : neurology
Volume/pages
9(2013) :4 , p. 231-236
ISSN
1759-4758
1759-4766
ISI
000317268100011
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a critical public health and socio-economic problem throughout the world. Reliable quantification of the burden caused by TBI is difficult owing to inadequate standardization and incomplete capture of data on the incidence and outcome of brain injury, with variability in the definition of TBI being partly to blame. Reports show changes in epidemiological patterns of TBI: the median age of individuals who experience TBI is increasing, and falls have now surpassed road traffic incidents as the leading cause of this injury. Despite claims to the contrary, no clear decrease in TBI-related mortality or improvement of overall outcome has been observed over the past two decades. In this Perspectives article, we discuss the strengths and limitations of epidemiological studies, address the variability in its definition, and highlight changing epidemiological patterns. Taken together, these analyses identify a great need for standardized epidemiological monitoring in TBI.
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