Title
Spotted hyena (**Crocuta crocuta**) coexisting at high density with people in Wukro district, northern Ethiopia Spotted hyena (**Crocuta crocuta**) coexisting at high density with people in Wukro district, northern Ethiopia
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
Hamburg ,
Subject
Biology
Source (journal)
Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde. - Hamburg
Volume/pages
78(2013) :3 , p. 193-197
ISSN
1616-5047
0044-3468
ISI
000330156300006
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
We surveyed density and abundance of spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) in the highly degraded and prey depleted Wukro district, northern Ethiopia, with a human population density of 98 persons per square kilometer. A total of 117 spotted hyenas responded to callups, giving a hyena density of 52 hyenas per 100 km2 or a total population of 535 hyenas in the district. We quantified the economic impact of spotted hyena predation on livestock using semi structured interviews with randomly selected households. Respondents indicated a total loss of 203 domestic animals to hyena depredation over the past five years. Average annual depredation per household was 0.13 livestock worth US$ 6.1. The diet of spotted hyenas was assessed in three sub-districts by scat analysis and showed 99% prey items of domestic origin, only three of 211 scat contained hair of Ethiopian hare (Lepus fagani) and porcupine (Hystrix cristata). We conclude that hyenas in northern Ethiopia live at high density and eat almost exclusively anthropogenic food and are not dependent on conservation areas.
E-info
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