Publication
Title
Dipeptidyl peptidases in atherosclerosis : expression and role in macrophage differentiation, activation and apoptosis
Author
Abstract
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the arterial wall leading to coronary artery disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease. Along with the discovery of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) as a therapeutic target in type 2 diabetes, a role for DPP4 in atherosclerosis is emerging. However, until now the expression and role of other DPPs such as DPP8 and DPP9 in atherosclerosis is completely unknown. In the present study, we first investigated DPP expression in human atherosclerotic plaques. DPP4 could only be observed in endothelial cells of plaque neovessels in half of the specimens. In contrast, DPP8 and DPP9 were abundantly present in macrophage-rich regions of plaques. We then focused on DPP expression and function in macrophage differentiation, activation and apoptosis. DPP8/9 was responsible for most of the DPP activity in macrophages. During monocyte to macrophage differentiation, DPP9 was upregulated both in pro-inflammatory M1 (3.7 ± 0.3-fold increase) and anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages (3.7 ± 0.4-fold increase) whereas DPP8 expression remained unchanged. Inhibition of DPP8/9 activity with compound 1G244 reduced activation of M1 macrophages (IL-6 88 ± 16 vs. 146 ± 19 pg/ml; TNFα 3.8 ± 1.0 vs. 6.6 ± 1.9 ng/ml in treated vs. untreated cells), but not of M2 macrophages. Likewise, DPP9 silencing reduced TNFα and IL-6 secretion, pointing to a DPP9-mediated effect of the inhibitor. DPP8/9 inhibition also enhanced macrophage apoptosis (15 ± 4 vs. 7 ± 3 % in untreated cells). Because pro-inflammatory macrophages play a key role in atherogenesis, plaque rupture and subsequent infarction, DPP9 inhibition might provide interesting therapeutic prospects in reducing atherosclerosis and/or in the prevention of plaque rupture.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Basic research in cardiology. - Darmstadt
Publication
Darmstadt : 2013
ISSN
0300-8428
Volume/pages
108:3(2013), p. 1-14
Article Reference
350
ISI
000321851000011
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 26.04.2013
Last edited 25.06.2017
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