Publication
Title
-NMR study of the metabolome of a moderately hypoxia-tolerant fish, the common carp (**Cyprinus carpio**)
Author
Abstract
All 20.000 different fish species vary greatly in their ability to tolerate and survive fluctuating oxygen concentrations in the water. Especially fish of the genus Carassius, e.g. the crucian carp and the goldfish, exhibit a remarkable tolerance to limited/absent oxygen concentrations. The metabolic changes of anoxia-tolerant crucian carp were recently studied and published. Contrary to crucian carp, the hypoxia-tolerant common carp cannot survive a complete lack of oxygen (anoxia). Therefore, we studied the 1H-NMR-based metabolomics of brain, heart, liver and white muscle extracts of common carp, subjected to anoxia (0 mg O2 l−1) and hypoxia (0.9 mg O2 l−1) at 5 °C. Specifically, fish were exposed to normoxia (i.e. 9 mg O2 l−1; controls 24 h, 1 week and 2 weeks), acute hypoxia (24 h), chronic hypoxia (1 week) and chronic hypoxia (1 week) with normoxic reoxygenation (1 week). Additionally, we also investigated the metabolic responses of fish to anoxia for 2 h. Both anoxia and hypoxia significantly changed the tissue levels of standard energy metabolites as lactate, glycogen, ATP/ADP and phosphocreatine. Remarkably, anoxia induced increased lactate levels in all tissues except for the heart whereas hypoxia resulted in decreased lactate concentrations in all tissues except for brains. Furthermore, hypoxia and anoxia influenced amino acids (alanine, valine/(iso)leucine) and neurotransmitters levels (GABA, glutamate). Lastly, we also detected other i.e. previously not reported compounds to play a role in the present context. Scyllo-inositol levels changed significantly in heart, liver and muscle, providing novel insights into the anoxia/hypoxic responses of the common carp.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Metabolomics. - Place of publication unknown
Publication
Place of publication unknown : 2013
ISSN
1573-3882
Volume/pages
9:6(2013), p. 1216-1227
ISI
000326926700009
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 30.04.2013
Last edited 12.11.2017
To cite this reference