International sport federations in the world city network
Faculty of Applied Economics
Faculty of Law
Journal of sport and social issues. - Norfolk
, p. 142-159
In this article, we analyze the transnational urban geographies produced by international sport federations (ISFs) through their global, regional, and national headquarter locations. Data on the global urban presence of 35 major ISFs are examined through connectivity analysis and principal component analysis. The connectivity analysis reveals the relative dominance of cities in Europe and Pacific Asia, whereby Seoul, Tokyo, Kuala Lumpur, Cairo, and Lausanne stand out. The principal component analysis reveals the main subnetworks produced through ISF location decisions, which includes inter alia a winter sports subnetwork centered on Ankara, Belgrade, Helsinki, and Stockholm; an Olympic subnetwork centered on Lausanne; and a decentered subnetwork with truly global sports.