Title
Implicit schemata and categories in memory-based language processing Implicit schemata and categories in memory-based language processing
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Arts. Linguistics and Literature
Publication type
article
Publication
Teddington, Md ,
Subject
Psychology
Human medicine
Linguistics
Source (journal)
Language and speech. - Teddington, Md, 1958, currens
Volume/pages
56(2013) :3 , p. 309-328
ISSN
0023-8309
1756-6053
0023-8309
ISI
000324321300004
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Memory-based language processing (MBLP) is an approach to language processing based on exemplar storage during learning and analogical reasoning during processing. From a cognitive perspective, the approach is attractive as a model for human language processing because it does not make any assumptions about the way abstractions are shaped, nor any a priori distinction between regular and exceptional exemplars, allowing it to explain fluidity of linguistic categories, and both regularization and irregularization in processing. Schema-like behaviour and the emergence of categories can be explained in MBLP as by-products of analogical reasoning over exemplars in memory. We focus on the reliance of MBLP on local (versus global) estimation, which is a relatively poorly understood but unique characteristic that separates the memory-based approach from globally abstracting approaches in how the model deals with redundancy and parsimony. We compare our model to related analogy-based methods, as well as to example-based frameworks that assume some systemic form of abstraction.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/acb6ae/364ceb2eabc.pdf
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