Recent port institutional developmental trends : the Southern African case
Institute for Transport en Maritime Management (ITMMA)
BIVEC/GIBET Transport Research Day, Luxemburg, 30-31 May 2013
University of Antwerp
In the last three decades, transport economists and geographers have published an array of studies on port institutions and governance. Many of these publications emphasize the role of institutions in enabling or inhibiting port efficiencies, port competition (inter and intra) and the development of a ports resources and capabilities. Political instability and their consequential economic lags have to some extent misaligned the pace of institutional reforms in Southern African ports compared with ports in the developed world. Some ports in this region (South Africa, Mozambique, Namibia, Mauritius and Madagascar) have, however, over the last 10 years begun to follow the port reformation trend and as such undergone various degrees of institutional reform. Given Southern Africas importance (the regions constitutes 41% of the entire continents container throughput), this study seeks to provide a detailed case study which:  Discloses a holistic overview of recent and on-going institutional reforms of Southern African ports.  Provides understanding to what extent institutional structures have shaped and mediated port development in Southern Africa Southern African ports effectively present a unique case of mixed port institutional development trends compared to that of developed regions of the world. As such, this case study reinforces the fact that different port institutional structures do matter in port competition and that institutional reform has supported port development to varying degrees.