Customs reforms in eastern Congo (DRC) : between norms and practices
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Antwerp :University of Antwerp, Institute of Development Policy and Management, 2013
IOB working paper / University of Antwerp, Institute of Development Policy and Management ; 2013:04
University of Antwerp
This paper attempts to explain how importers, clearance agents and customs officers respond to ongoing customs administration reforms in the DRC. Customs reforms include computerization, single desk system and pre-shipment inspection. The DRC case reveals that the reforms as norms are indeed implemented, but they have not eradicated some mispractices. Actors involved adapt their practices within the framework of the reforms.