Publication
Title
In vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity and cytotoxicity of extracts and fractions from the leaves, root-bark and stem-bark of **Triclisia gilletii**
Author
Abstract
Ethnopharmacological Relevance To evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial activity and cytotoxicity, and the in vivo activity of extracts and fractions from the leaves, root-bark and stem-bark of Triclisia gilletii (De Wild) Staner (Menispermaceae), used in traditional medicine against malaria. Materials and Methods The aqueous and 80% MeOH extracts, and a series of fractions and subfractions from the leaves, stem and root-bark of Triclisia gilletii were tested in vitro for their antiplasmodial activity against a Congolese-sensitive strain of Plasmodium falciparum, against the chloroquine and pyrimethamine-resistant K1 strain of Plasmodium falciparum, for cytotoxicity against MRC-5 cells, and in vivo in mice infected with Plasmodium berghei berghei. Results Many samples from the three plant parts exhibited pronounced activity against the Congolese chloroquine-sensitive strain of Plasmodium falciparum with some IC50 values <0.02 µg/ml, and against the K1 strain, with some IC50 <0.25; the selectivity was higher against the Congolese strain. At oral doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight in infected mice, the aqueous, 80% methanol and total alkaloid extracts from the three plant parts produced more than 65% and 75% chemosuppression, respectively. The antiplasmodial activity of these three plant parts of Triclisia gilletii can at least in part be attributed to bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids, and supports its use for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in traditional medicine.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of ethnopharmacology. - Lausanne
Publication
Lausanne : 2013
ISSN
0378-8741
Volume/pages
149:2(2013), p. 438-442
ISI
000324455300007
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 04.09.2013
Last edited 10.09.2017
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