Title
Ontogenetic shifts in male mating preference and morph-specific polyandry in a female colour polymorphic insectOntogenetic shifts in male mating preference and morph-specific polyandry in a female colour polymorphic insect
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Research group
Evolutionary ecology group (EVECO)
Publication type
article
Publication
London,
Subject
Biology
Human medicine
Source (journal)
BMC evolutionary biology. - London
Volume/pages
13(2013), p. 1-11
ISSN
1471-2148
Article Reference
116
Carrier
E-only publicatie
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Background: Sexual conflict over mating rates may favour the origin and maintenance of phenotypes with contrasting reproductive strategies. The damselfly Ischnura elegans is characterised by a female colour polymorphism that consists of one androchrome and two gynochrome female morphs. Previous studies have shown that the polymorphism is genetic and to a high extent maintained by negative frequency-dependent mating success that varies temporally and spatially. However, the role of learning in male mating preferences has received little attention. We used molecular markers to investigate differences in polyandry between female morphs. In addition, we experimentally investigated innate male mating preferences and experience-dependent shifts in male mating preferences for female morphs. Results: Field and molecular data show that androchrome females were less polyandrous than gynochrome females. Interestingly, we found that naive males showed significantly higher sexual preferences to androchrome than to gynochrome females in experimental trials. In contrast, experienced males showed no preference for androchrome females. Conclusions: The ontogenetic change in male mate preferences occurs most likely because of learned mate recognition after experience with females, which in this case does not result in a preference for one of the morphs, but rather in the loss of an innate preference for androchrome females.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/833eb5/4561.pdf
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