Publication
Title
Validation of in situ applicable measuring techniques for analysis of the water adsorption by stone
Author
Abstract
As the water adsorbing behaviour (WAB) of stone is a key factor for most degradation processes, its analysis is a decisive aspect when monitoring deterioration and past conservation treatments, or when selecting a proper conservation treatment. In this study the performance of various non-destructive methods for measuring the WAB are compared, with the focus on the effect of the variable factors of the methods caused by their specific design. The methods under study are the contact-sponge method (CSM), the Karsten tube (KT) and the Mirowski pipe (MIR). Their performance is compared with the standardized capillary rise method (CR) and the results are analysed in relation to the open porosity of different lithotypes. Furthermore the effect of practical encumbrances which could limit the application of these methods was valuated. It was found that KT and CSM have complementary fields of investigation, where CSM is capable of measuring the initial water uptake of less porous materials with a high precision, while KT was found commodious for measuring longer contact times for more porous lithotypes. MIR showed too many discommodities, leading to unreliable results. To adequately compare the results of the different methods, the size of the contact area appears to be the most influential factor, whereas the contact material and pressure on the surface do not indicate a significant influence on the results. The study of these factors is currently being extended by visualization of the water adsorption process via X-ray and neutron radiography in combination with physico-mathematical models describing the WAB. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. and peer-review under responsibility of the IA-CS (Italian Association of Conservation Scientists) and University of Antwerp
Language
English
Source (journal)
Procedia Chemistry
Publication
2013
ISSN
1876-6196
Volume/pages
8(2013), p. 317-327
ISI
000321673900039
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
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UAntwerpen
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Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
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Creation 10.09.2013
Last edited 13.12.2017
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