Title
Lewis acid mediated vinyl-transfer reaction of alkynes to N-alkylimines by using the N-alkyl residue as a sacrificial hydrogen donor Lewis acid mediated vinyl-transfer reaction of alkynes to N-alkylimines by using the N-alkyl residue as a sacrificial hydrogen donor
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
Weinheim ,
Subject
Chemistry
Source (journal)
Chemistry: a European journal. - Weinheim
Volume/pages
19(2013) :42 , p. 14263-14270
ISSN
0947-6539
ISI
000325488900038
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
A variety of N-alkyl-α,α-dichloroaldimines were vinylated by terminal acetylenes in the presence of Lewis acids such as In(OTf)3 or BF3⋅OEt2 and hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) as an additive. The reaction proceeds at ambient temperature and leads to geometrically pure allylic β,β-dichloroamines. This approach is complementary to previously reported transition-metal-catalyzed vinyl-transfer methods, which are not applicable to aliphatic imines and are restricted to imines that contain an electron-withdrawing nitrogen substituent. In the present approach, terminal alkynes were used as a source of the vinyl residue, and the N-alkyl moiety of the imine acts as a sacrificial hydrogen donor. The additional advantage of this methodology is the fact that no external toxic or hazardous reducing agents or molecular hydrogen has to be used. This new methodology nicely combines a C(sp2)[BOND]C(sp) bond formation, hydride transfer, and an unusual cleavage of an unactivated C[BOND]N bond, thereby giving rise to functionalized primary allylic amines. A detailed experimental study supported by DFT calculations of the mechanism has been done.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/e56873/0568d72777a.pdf
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