Synthesis and antimycobacterial activity of analogues of the bioactive natural products sampangine and cleistopholine
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
European journal of medicinal chemistry. - Paris, 1974, currens
, p. 98-110
University of Antwerp
Identification and investigation of novel classes and compounds for the treatment of tuberculosis remains of utmost importance in the fight against the disease. Despite many efforts, the weakly gram positive Mycobacterium tuberculosis keeps demanding its toll in human lives. For this reason a small library of substituted and unsubstituted aza analogues of cleistopholine and sampangine were synthesized in a short and straightforward manner and tested in vitro against M.tb. The compounds showed promising activity against the M.tb H37Rv strain and Minimal Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC) could be observed as low as 0.88 mu M. Accompanied by moderate acute toxicity against GA hepatocytes, the therapeutic index showed an acceptable range. Further tests confirmed the inhibition by up to 74% of intracellular growth of M.tb inside macrophages conferred by1-hydroxybenzo[g]isoguinoline-5,10-diones. Activity of the library against other clinically relevant mycobacterial species such as Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium ulcerans was confirmed. Furthermore the activity against a multi-drug-resistant MDR LAM-1 M.tb strain was tested and the MIC value situated around 1 mu M. The lacking genotoxicity of a group of enamine substituted cleistopholine analogues indicates this group as a hit and encourages their use as a scaffold for further studies. (C) 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.