Title
Proof of concept : enthesitis and new bone formation in spondyloarthritis are driven by mechanical strain and stromal cells Proof of concept : enthesitis and new bone formation in spondyloarthritis are driven by mechanical strain and stromal cells
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
London :British Medical Association ,
Subject
Biology
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Annals of the rheumatic diseases / European League Against Rheumatism [Kilchberg] - London, 1939, currens
Volume/pages
73(2014) :2 , p. 437-445
ISSN
0003-4967
1468-2060
ISI
000329488000015
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Objectives Spondyloarthritides (SpA) are characterised by both peripheral and axial arthritis. The hallmarks of peripheral SpA are the development of enthesitis, most typically of the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia, and new bone formation. This study was undertaken to unravel the mechanisms leading towards enthesitis and new bone formation in preclinical models of SpA. Results First, we demonstrated that TNFΔARE mice show typical inflammatory features highly reminiscent of SpA. The first signs of inflammation were found at the entheses. Importantly, enthesitis occurred equally in the presence or absence of mature T and B cells, underscoring the importance of stromal cells. Hind limb unloading in TNFΔARE mice significantly suppressed inflammation of the Achilles tendon compared with weight bearing controls. Erk1/2 signalling plays a crucial role in mechanotransduction-associated inflammation. Furthermore, new bone formation is strongly promoted at entheseal sites by biomechanical stress and correlates with the degree of inflammation. Conclusions These findings provide a formal proof of the concept that mechanical strain drives both entheseal inflammation and new bone formation in SpA.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/eaae17/335308fd3fd.pdf
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