MRI with applications in neurological disordersMRI with applications in neurological disorders
Delgado y Palacios, Rafael
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
London :Future Science, 2013[*]2013
Molecular imaging techniques : new frontiers / Gazeau, Florence [edit.]; et al.
University of Antwerp
MRI has developed into one of the most powerful techniques for both experimental and clinical research. Nowadays, it has become the imaging method of choice for modern medical imaging and its success is due to its versatile nature. In addition, it is noninvasive and offers the advantage of imaging at relatively high spatial as well as high temporal resolution. The main advantage of MRI compared with other common imaging techniques such as positron emission tomography and single-photon emission computed tomography is its very high in vivo spatial resolution resulting in clear anatomical information. In addition, it provides an amazingly strong imaging contrast between different soft tissues, which is not feasible with other in vivo imaging modalities. Since magnetic fields and low-energy electro-magnetic waves are used instead of ionizing radiation, no biological damage is caused. Another important advantage is that MRI allows longitudinal studies, since it does not rely on the use of radioactive isotopes. This chapter highlights the most commonly used MRI techniques in both clinical and preclinical practice.