Chemical composition of river sediments from the Indian sub-continentChemical composition of river sediments from the Indian sub-continent
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Department of Chemistry
AXES (Antwerp X-ray Analysis, Electrochemistry and Speciation)
Chemical geology / European Association for Geochemistry. - Amsterdam
48(1985), p. 271-280
University of Antwerp
River sediments from all of the major drainage basins (except the Indus) in the Indian sub-continent were collected and analysed by thin-film X-ray fluorescence technique (XRF) to determine their chemical composition. On the basis of analysis of more than 120 samples, average chemical compositions of river-borne sediments from the Indian sub-continent have been calculated. Also, average concentration values for sediments from each of the river basins, and the sub-continent average and the inter-basin differences are discussed in relation to weathering processes in the drainage basins. Comparisons have been made with the chemistry of sediments from the Bay of Bengal (which receives the bulk of sediments delivered by Indian rivers). Our observations are discussed in the light of average chemical composition of world-river sediments and the world surface rock exposed for continental weathering.