Effects of alkaline aluminate waste dumping on seawater chemistryEffects of alkaline aluminate waste dumping on seawater chemistry
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Department of Chemistry
AXES (Antwerp X-ray Analysis, Electrochemistry and Speciation)
Marine environmental research. - London
21(1987):4, p. 275-288
University of Antwerp
The alkaline aluminate waste, of which 10002000 tonnes are dumped a few times a year off the Belgian coast in the Southern Bight of the North Sea, contains 5·4% NaCl, 1·8% dissolved Al and 7·4% NaOH, in addition to traces of heavy metals and some aniline- and phenol-derivatives. The pH rises locally to 8-5 and the total Al-concentration reaches 120niglitre−1(corresponding to an initial waste dilution factor of only 150) in the 10-m wide track just beyond the discharging barge, but these decay quickly to pH 8·1 and 1 mg litre-1 in the 30-m wide track, 500m behind the barge. The relation between the waste concentration and seawater pH was studied. The white precipitate that forms immediately in the sea was identified as Mg6Al2CO3(OH)164H20 (hydrotalcite-manasseite like). No trace of it was found in the local sediments.