Title
Enzyme sensitivity towards high pressure at low temperature Enzyme sensitivity towards high pressure at low temperature
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Bioscience Engineering
Publication type
article
Publication
New York, N.Y. ,
Subject
Biology
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
Food biotechnology. - New York, N.Y.
Volume/pages
12(1998) :3 , p. 263-277
ISSN
0890-5436
ISI
000077257800006
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
The sensitivity of several selected enzymes, e.g. Bacillus subtilis α‐amylase (BSA), peroxidase (POD), pectinmethylesterase (PME), polyphenoloxidase (PPO) and lipoxygenase (LOX) towards the combined action of high pressure (1 up to 4000 bar) and low temperature (‐22°C up to 0°C) was investigated. The effect of a high pressure/low temperature (HP/LT) treatment on the selected enzymes was compared to the effect of a freezing process at atmospheric pressure. It was found that (i) no irreversible inactivation of POD, PPO and BSA occurred after the HP/LT treatments tested, (ii) PME was only slightly irreversibly inactivated in the selected pressure and temperature domain (92% up to 80% of activity retention) and (iii) LOX was irreversibly inactivated to a large extent (3 up to 55% of activity retention) after the selected HP/LT treatments whereas a classical freezing at ‐18°C and atmospheric pressure caused only a 10% decrease in LOX activity. It could be observed that the enzymic activity after the treatment of both PME and LOX slightly decreased during storage in an ice bath.
E-info
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