Title
Jespersen cycles in Bantu : double and triple negation Jespersen cycles in Bantu : double and triple negation
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Arts. Linguistics and Literature
Publication type
article
Publication
Dordrecht ,
Subject
Linguistics
Source (journal)
Journal of African languages and linguistics. - Dordrecht
Volume/pages
34(2013) :2 , p. 205-274
ISSN
0167-6164
ISI
000327745500001
Carrier
E
Target language
French (fre)
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
This paper gives an overview of post-verbal negative marking in Bantu languages. It shows that, although Bantu studies tend to concentrate on negation marked on the verb itself, post-verbal negative markers are well represented within the Bantu domain and high concentrations can be found in zones B, C, H and L. It is argued that locative pronouns, possessive pronouns and negative ( answer) particles are recurrent sources of negative markers in Bantu languages. It is claimed that they take part in what is generally known as a Jespersen cycle: they initially reinforce the original negator and eventually become obligatory for the expression of negation resulting in a double negative construction. It will be shown that in Bantu languages a new Jespersen cycle can set in before the original negator has been lost, yielding triple negative constructions, which are much more rarely attested world-wide.
E-info
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