Publication
Title
Natural orbitals in relation to quantum information theory : from model light atoms through to emergent metallic properties
Author
Abstract
The review begins with a consideration of three forms of quantum information entropy associated with Shannon and Jaynes. For model two-electron spin compensated systems, some analytic progress is first reported. The Jaynes entropy is clearly related to correlation kinetic energy. A way of testing the usefulness of a known uncertainty principle inequality is proposed for a whole class of model two-electron atoms with harmonic confinement but variable electron-electron interaction. Emerging properties are then studied by reference to bcc Na at ambient pressure and its modeling by "jellium". Jellium itself has collective behavior with changes of the density, especially noteworthy being the discontinuity of the momentum distribution at the Fermi surface. This has almost reduced to zero at r(s) = 100 a.u., the neighborhood in which the quantal Wigner electron solid transition is known to occur. However, various workers have studied crystalline Na under pressure and their results are compared and contrasted. Work by DFT on K, Rb and Cs is discussed, but now with reduced density from the ambient pressure value. The crystalline results for the cohesive energy of these metals as a function of lattice parameters and local coordination number are shown to be closely reproduced by means of ground and excited states for dimer potential energy curves. Then, pair potentials for liquid Na and Be are reviewed, and compared with the results of computer simulations from the experimental structure factor for Na. Finally, magnetic field effects are discussed. First a phenomenological model of the metal-to-insulator transition is presented with an order parameter which is the discontinuity in the Fermi momentum distribution. Lastly, experiments on a two-dimensional electron assembly in a GaAs/AlGaAs heterojunction in a perpendicular magnetic field are briefly reviewed and then interpreted.
Language
English
Source (journal)
International journal of modern physics: B: condensed matter physics, statistical physics, applied physics. - Singapore
Publication
Singapore : 2013
ISSN
0217-9792
Volume/pages
27:30(2013), p. 1-26
Article Reference
1330021
ISI
000326678000001
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 16.12.2013
Last edited 03.07.2017
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