Validation of a specific prolylcarboxypeptidase activity assay and its suitability for plasma and serum measurements
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
New York, N.Y.
Analytical biochemistry. - New York, N.Y.
, p. 232-239
University of Antwerp
Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP, EC 188.8.131.52), a lysosomal carboxypeptidase, was discovered 45 years ago. However, research has been hampered by a lack of well-validated assays that are needed to measure low activities in biological samples. Two reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) methods for quantifying PRCP activity in crude homogenates and plasma samples were optimized and validated. PRCP activity was determined by measuring the hydrolysis of N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-proline (Z-Pro)-Phe. The enzymatically formed Z-Pro and Phe were measured independently under different HPLC conditions. The in-house methods showed good precision, linearity, accuracy, and specificity. Based on Michaelis-Menten constants, Z-Pro-Phe was chosen over Z-Pro-Ala as the substrate of preference. Cross-reactivity studies with dipeptidyl peptidases (DPPs) 2, 4, and 9 and prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP) confirmed the specificity of the PRCP activity assay. The average PRCP activity in plasma and serum of 32 healthy individuals was found to be 0.65 +/- 0.02 and 0.72 +/- 0.03 U/L, respectively. Both methods can be used to measure PRCP activity specifically in different biological samples and are well suited to evaluate PRCP inhibitors. These well-validated methods are valuable tools for studying PRCP's role in cardiovascular diseases, stroke, inflammation, and metabolic syndrome. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.