Prospective observational study of treatment pattern, effectiveness and safety of zoledronic acid therapy beyond 24 months in patients with multiple myeloma or bone metastases from solid tumors
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Supportive care in cancer. - Berlin
, p. 3483-3490
University of Antwerp
To study the treatment patterns, effectiveness and safety of zoledronic acid (ZOL) beyond 2 years of therapy, given the paucity of data on long-term treatment in daily clinical practice. Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) or solid tumor bone metastases (STM) and at least 24 months of regular q3-4w ZOL therapy were followed prospectively for an additional 18 months beyond the 24 months required for study entry. End-points included ZOL exposure, incidence of skeletal related events (SRE), and safety. In all, 298 evaluable patients were enrolled. The mean continuation rate of ZOL was 90.6%. Exposure to ZOL decreased with time in all patients, but was lower (50.0% vs. 67.6%; p < 0.001) and with higher discontinuation rates (incidence rate ratio [IRR]=1.95; p=0.002) in MM compared to the STM group. ZOL suppressed the rate of SREs similarly during the study as compared to before inclusion (0.12 vs. 0.13 events per person-year; p=0.7). At 18 months, 84.5% remained SRE-free. In STM patients, persistent ZOL therapy was associated with lower SRE risk (hazard ratio [HR]=0.42; p=0.01), but not in MM. Renal deterioration occurred in 3.7% and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) developed in 6.0%, with dental trauma increasing ONJ risk (HR=4.67; p=0.002). Beyond 2 years of therapy, treatment patterns of ZOL were heterogeneous and SRE rates were low. The safety profile of ZOL was acceptable, and interrupting ZOL in patients with solid tumors was associated with a higher risk of SREs.