Publication
Title
Effects of variable selection on modelling habitat and potential distribution of the Andean bear in Bolivia
Author
Abstract
Species distribution models are used in ecology and conservation biology to draw inferences about the drivers of species' ranges. However, poor conceptual background, environmental variable selection, and algorithm selection can contribute to misleading model predictions. We assessed the effects of environment variable selection and compared statistical performance and output maps of correlative resource- and biotope-based models for estimating the habitat and potential distribution of the Andean bear (Tremarctos ornatus) in Bolivia's Tropical Andes. The resource-based approach estimated bear habitat using 7 resources associated with 3 ecological functions: feeding, shelter, and access to water. In contrast, the biotope model described the habitat by applying 11 environmental predictors related to topography, vegetation, and human activities. Both models performed equally well overall and better than random, with shelter as the most influential variable for the resource model and Yunga forest for the biotope model. However, discrepancies in the extent and arrangement of predicted bear distribution between models differed and emphasized the effect of variable selection, which could influence the delineation of conservation areas for this species. We suggest using a resource-based approach when modelling species distribution because of the more direct relationship to the species investigated and greater ease of interpreting results.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Ursus : an official publication of the International Association for Bear Research and Management. - [United States], 1995, currens
Publication
[United States] : International Association for Bear Research and Management, 2013
ISSN
1537-6176
Volume/pages
24:2(2013), p. 127-138
ISI
000330415200004
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 16.01.2014
Last edited 10.04.2017
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