Increased CSF <tex>$\alpha$</tex>-synuclein levels in Alzheimer's disease : correlation with tau levels
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Alzheimer's & dementia. - Place of publication unknown
, p. 1-9
University of Antwerp
Background Given the difficult clinical differential diagnosis between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), growing interest resulted in research on α-synuclein as a potential cerebrospinal fluid biomarker (CSF) for synucleinopathies. Methods CSF α-synuclein-140 concentrations were determined by a prototype xMAP bead-based assay (Innogenetics NV, Belgium). In addition, CSF amyloid β1-42 (Aβ1-42), total tau (T-tau), and phosphorylated tau (P-tau181P) levels were determined. Results CSF α-synuclein levels were higher in AD patients as compared with cognitively healthy controls (P = .019) and patients with synucleinopathies (P < .001). CSF α-synuclein levels were correlated with T-tau (P < .001) and P-tau181P (P < .001) levels in autopsy-confirmed AD patients. A diagnostic algorithm using α-synuclein and P-tau181P discriminated neuropathologically confirmed AD from DLB patients, resulting in sensitivity and specificity values of 85% and 81%, respectively. Conclusion Because CSF α-synuclein levels were significantly higher in AD as compared with synucleinopathies, α-synuclein might have a value as a biomarker for differential dementia diagnosis.