Title
Should interculturalism replace multiculturalism? A plea for complementarinessShould interculturalism replace multiculturalism? A plea for complementariness
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Sociology
Faculty of Arts. Philosophy
Research group
Center for Ethics
Centre for Migration and Intercultural Studies (CeMIS)
Publication type
article
Publication
Leuven,
Subject
Philosophy
Religious studies
Sociology
Source (journal)
Ethical perspectives / Catholic University of Louvain. Centre for Christian Ethics. - Leuven
Volume/pages
20(2013):4, p. 605-630
ISSN
1370-0049
ISI
000331429900005
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
A common current refrain laments that multiculturalism has failed as a policy model and that it should be replaced by interculturalism. In this article, we present a critical analysis of the backgrounds and targets of multiculturalism and interculturalism. While multiculturalism concerns (minority) rights, equality and justice, interculturalism relates to social cohesion, shared participation and practices. Instead of merely juxtaposing these two paradigms, we illustrate the extent to which they are both different and complementary, as well as why they should be implemented simultaneously. Intercultural and multicultural policies can be mutually reinforcing, in addition to adjusting or compensating for possible undesirable outcomes. By emphasising their complementarities, we go beyond the arguments of those who would expel multiculturalism in favour of interculturalism, as well as those who believe that multiculturalism already incorporates the merits of interculturalism. We also demonstrate the presence of both multicultural and intercultural aspects in the civic integration policies that are being implemented with increasing rigour in several countries of immigration.
E-info
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