Effect of tumor size on prognosis in patients treated with radical radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for nonsmall cell lung cancer : an analysis of the staging project database of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Hagerstown, Md :Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Journal of thoracic oncology / International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer [Aurora, Colo.] - Hagerstown, Md, 2006, currens
, p. 315-321
University of Antwerp
Background: Analysis of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer database revealed that for patients with completely resected, node-negative, nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), increasing tumor size was associated with worsening survival. This analysis was performed to determine the effect of size on prognosis in patients in the same database but who were treated with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. Methods: Patients were eligible if they had pathologically confirmed NSCLC, no evidence of distant metastases, intended treatment was radical radiotherapy (minimum 50 Gy) or combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy, no surgery, and tumor diameter was available. Results: Eight hundred and sixty-eight patients were available for analysis. Patient characteristics were: sex (men) 65.3%; median age 64 years (range, 3288); Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0: 55%, 1: 33%, 2 or more: 5%; chemotherapy 74%; no chemotherapy 18%; weight loss less than 5 %: 70%, and more than 5%: 25%. Primary tumor size was categorized according to tumor, node, metastasis 7th edition. On univariate analysis, the following factors were prognostic for survival: age (continuous) (p = 0.0035); performance status of 1 or more (p = 0.0021); weight loss less than 5% (p < 0.0001); chemotherapy (p = 0.0189); and primary tumor size (continuous) (p = 0.0002). Sex and clinical nodal stage were not significant. On multivariate analysis, age and weight loss remained significant factors for survival, as was tumor size less than 3 cm. Conclusions: In patients treated with radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy, tumor size less than 3 cm was associated with longer survival than larger tumors. Evidence of the effect of size on prognosis above this was weak. Five-year survival of more than 10% was observed in all four size categories.