Title
Hair ethyl glucuronide levels as a marker for alcohol use and abuse : a review of the current state of the art Hair ethyl glucuronide levels as a marker for alcohol use and abuse : a review of the current state of the art
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Lausanne ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Drug and alcohol dependence. - Lausanne
Volume/pages
134(2014) , p. 1-11
ISSN
0376-8716
ISI
000332425500001
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Background Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is a minor alcohol metabolite that has been proposed as a stable marker in hair to detect and quantify alcohol consumption over long time periods. Methods We provide an outline of currently available techniques for EtG hair sample analysis and highlight the pitfalls related to data interpretation. The literature of EtG analysis has been reviewed from January 1980 up to August 2013. In addition, we present an overview of the clinical and forensic studies which have used EtG quantification in hair as a marker for alcohol consumption/abstinence and we provide suggestions for future research. Results EtG is a stable marker in hair that can be used to detect and quantify alcohol consumption over long time periods. This alcohol metabolite remains in hair after complete elimination of alcohol. Currently, there are three main analytical techniques used to quantify EtG in hair: gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GCMS), gas chromatographytandem mass spectrometry (GCMS/MS), and liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry (LCMS/MS). No standardized protocols are yet available for the analysis of EtG levels in hair samples, and the current protocols vary in sample preparation and extraction procedures. Variables such as hair length, cosmetic treatment, gender, and pathophysiological conditions influence the final results and should be taken into account. Conclusions EtG quantification in hair is a useful tool for the objective detection of alcohol consumption over extended time periods, but care should be taken when interpreting the results.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/21f12a/10386.pdf
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