What socio-demographic factors influence poverty and financial health care access among disabled people in Flanders : a cross-sectional studyWhat socio-demographic factors influence poverty and financial health care access among disabled people in Flanders : a cross-sectional study
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Epidemiology and social medicine (ESOC)
Archives of public health. - Brussels
72(2014), p. 1-16
University of Antwerp
Background Current literature shows that people with a disability have a lower income than people without a disability. Disabled people often experience difficulties with health care access. The objective of this study is to assess the current financial situation and poverty rate amongst disabled people in Flanders. Furthermore we wanted to analyze factors that contribute to the risk of poverty and problems with financial health care access in adult people with a disability in Flanders. Methods An online and paper survey were constructed and made available through two large organizations for people with different types of disability in Flanders. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were performed. Results In this convenience sample, 20.9% of the 889 respondents live under the poverty threshold. Important contributing factors to the risk of poverty are having children (OR 3.43, 95%CI 2.10-5.59) and a low level of dependence (OR 16.40, 95%CI 6.21-43.28). 25.2% of the respondents did not access health care because of financial shortcomings. A low level of dependence is one important contributing factor (OR 3.16, 95%CI 1.41-6.98) to limited financial health care access. Conclusion This research confirms that disability is associated with a higher risk of poverty and impaired financial health care access.