Title
All crystal clear : 18th-century glass à la façon de Bohème from the cistercian nunnery of Clairefontaine, Belgium All crystal clear : 18th-century glass à la façon de Bohème from the cistercian nunnery of Clairefontaine, Belgium
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
Corning ,
Subject
Chemistry
Art
History
Source (journal)
Journal of glass studies. - Corning
Volume/pages
55(2013) , p. 137-+
ISSN
0075-4250
ISI
000336419800009
Carrier
E
Target language
Dutch (dut)
English (eng)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Excavations at the Cistercian nunnery of Clairefontaine, located near Arlon in the south of Belgium, revealed an assemblage of 18th-century colorless glass. The morphology of the vessels and the engraved decoration suggest a central European origin or, at least, stylistic inspiration. The composition of the glass points to a recipe combining silica, lime, and potash: a colorless potash glass a la facon de Boheme. This article considers the technology, morphology, and origin of the vessels. The art-historical analysis is supported by chemical research (scanning electron microscopy energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy [SEM-EDX]). The finds are also discussed in light of the emerging northwestern European glass industry, changing consumer practices during the 18th century, and their meaning for the inhabitants of the abbey.
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