Publication
Title
Screening for genetic variants in BDNF that contribute to childhood obesity
Author
Abstract
IntroductionThere is ample evidence that BDNF has a role in the regulation of food intake and body weight. Study of various mouse models gave a clear indication that BDNF deficiency leads to the development of obesity. Functional loss of one copy of the BDNF gene, due to chromosomal rearrangements or microdeletions, can cause an obesity phenotype in humans. Therefore, we wanted to investigate whether point mutations in the gene also result in a comparable phenotype. MethodsWe screened 554 severely overweight and obese children and adolescents and 565 lean adults for mutations in the coding region of BDNF. Mutation screening was performed by high-resolution melting curve analysis and direct sequencing. ResultsScreening of obese patients led to the identification of two synonymous variations (V37V and H65H) and two non-synonymous coding mutations (T2I and V46M) in the BDNF gene. When we subsequently screened our control population, we found T2I with comparable frequency and confirmed that this is a rare and non-pathogenic variant. In addition, we found another non-synonymous mutation (N187S) in the control population. ConclusionsIn silico analysis of the V46M variant did not support a clear disease-causing effect and no family data were available in order to determine whether the mutation segregates with obesity. However, we cannot rule out a possible pathogenic effect for this variant. In general, we tend to conclude that mutations in the coding region of BDNF are uncommon in obese patients and are therefore not likely to play an essential role in the pathogenesis of childhood obesity.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Pediatric obesity
Publication
2014
Volume/pages
9:1(2014), p. 36-42
ISI
000329932000008
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 07.03.2014
Last edited 22.05.2017
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