Publication
Title
Catalyst-free microwave-assisted conversion of free fatty acids in triglyceride feedstocks with high acid content
Author
Abstract
The catalyst-free microwave-assisted conversion of free fatty acids (FFA) to alkyl esters in triglyceride feedstocks with a high acid content was studied. To this end, esterification of FFA with higher alcohols was investigated using the response surface modelling approach (RSM). A model was constructed using stearic acid and 1-butanol. The influence of reaction temperature and the FFA content in the triglyceride feedstock were studied by varying both parameters on 5 levels between 175 °C and 275 °C, and 30 mass% and 100 mass% FFA respectively. Afterwards, the general applicability of the model was verified using other FFA, fatty acid distillates (FAD) from industry and other alcohols. When using other FFA, FAD or primary alcohols other than 1-butanol, the model is able to accurately predict the actual conversion with a typical deviation between actual and predicted data of 2%. After 1 h of reaction at temperatures above 250 °C, conversions over 90% were reached.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Renewable energy. - Oxford
Publication
Oxford : 2014
ISSN
0960-1481
Volume/pages
68(2014), p. 524-528
ISI
000335706800057
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 24.03.2014
Last edited 14.04.2017
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