Anti-mycobacterial activity of 1,3-diaryltriazenesAnti-mycobacterial activity of 1,3-diaryltriazenes
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Department of Biomedical Sciences - other
Laboratory for Microbiology, Parasitology and Hygiene (LMPH)
European journal of medicinal chemistry. - Paris, 1974, currens
77(2014):2, p. 193-203
University of Antwerp
The rapid generation and spread of the drug resistant tuberculosis has led to an ongoing demand for novel compounds for therapeutic use. Identification and study of compounds with the ability to inhibit Mycobacterium tuberculosis is of paramount importance. For this reason, a library of substituted 1,3-diaryltriazenes based on the acting component of the anti-trypanosomal drug, diminazene aceturate was created and evaluated for its potential as anti-tubercular agent. Several compounds were identified with sub-micro molar inhibitory concentrations against M. tuberculosis and other clinically relevant mycobacterial species such as Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium ulcerans. Although the library of the compounds showed a considerable acute cytotoxicity, a genotoxicity could not be observed. Finally, the triazene 14 was selected with the best biological properties (IC50 = 3.26 μM, NI50 = 24.22 μM, SI = 7.44). The compound 14 showed the ability to inhibit the growth of intracellular replicating and multi-drug resistant M. tuberculosis. The results suggest the molecule to be an interesting scaffold for further study and optimization.