Medical problems related to recreational drug use at nocturnal dance parties
Sassenbroeck, Van, Diederik K.
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
European journal of emergency medicine. - London
, p. 302-308
During I love techno (edition 2001), an indoor rave party attended by 37 000 people, data about medical problems (especially drug-related problems) were collected. To place these data in a wider perspective, a similar registration was done during De Nacht, a traditional New Year's Eve dance party held at the same location and attended by 12 000 people. Furthermore, a prospective study on the time course of the level of consciousness (Glasgow Coma Score) and blood concentrations of illicit drugs, especially gamma-hydroxybutyrate was set up. The results revealed that during I love techno the incidence of medical problems was high (66.5/10 000 attendees), but not higher than during De Nacht (70.0/10 000 attendees). At I love techno, however, mainly illicit drugs were used, more frequently leading to severe drug-related medical problems. The observations in patients with a drug-related medical problem who had taken gamma-hydroxybutyrate showed that for a given level of consciousness the gamma-hydroxybutyrate concentrations may show important differences, that the transition from coma (Glasgow Coma Score ≤7) to full recovery (Glasgow Coma Score 15) takes only 3060 min (and only a small decrease in gamma-hydroxybutyrate concentrations), and that the time it takes before a comatose patient reaches the above-mentioned transition area may be a few hours.