Publication
Title
Predictors of mortality among tuberculosis-HIV-coinfected persons in Southwest Ethiopia : a casecontrol study
Author
Abstract
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains the most common cause of death in people living with HIV/AIDS. The aim of the present study was to identify predictors of mortality in TB-HIV-coinfected patients. Methods: We conducted an unmatched casecontrol study among a cohort of TB-HIV-coinfected adults who were on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Cases comprised 69 TB-HIV-coinfected patients who died during this period. For each case, we selected 3 (207) TB-HIV-coinfected patients who were alive during the end of the follow-up period. Results: Male sex (odds ratio [OR] = 2.04, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-4.02), being bedridden at enrollment (OR = 2.84, 95% CI: 1.17-6.89), and cough of more than 2 weeks during initiation of ART (OR = 4.75 95% CI: 2.14-10.56) were the best predictors of mortality among TB-HIV-infected patients. Conclusion: Mortality among TB-HIV-coinfected patients accounted for a considerable number of deaths among the cohort. Patients with cough at ART initiation and with poor functional status should be strictly followed to reduce death.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (JIAPAC)
Publication
2015
ISSN
2325-9574
Volume/pages
14:3(2015), p. 269-273
Full text (Publishers DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Record
Identification
Creation 14.04.2014
Last edited 24.02.2017
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