Predictors of mortality among tuberculosis-HIV-coinfected persons in Southwest Ethiopia : a casecontrol studyPredictors of mortality among tuberculosis-HIV-coinfected persons in Southwest Ethiopia : a casecontrol study
Van geertruyden, Jean-Pierre
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Epidemiology and social medicine (ESOC)
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (JIAPAC)
University of Antwerp
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains the most common cause of death in people living with HIV/AIDS. The aim of the present study was to identify predictors of mortality in TB-HIV-coinfected patients. Methods: We conducted an unmatched casecontrol study among a cohort of TB-HIV-coinfected adults who were on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Cases comprised 69 TB-HIV-coinfected patients who died during this period. For each case, we selected 3 (207) TB-HIV-coinfected patients who were alive during the end of the follow-up period. Results: Male sex (odds ratio [OR] = 2.04, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-4.02), being bedridden at enrollment (OR = 2.84, 95% CI: 1.17-6.89), and cough of more than 2 weeks during initiation of ART (OR = 4.75 95% CI: 2.14-10.56) were the best predictors of mortality among TB-HIV-infected patients. Conclusion: Mortality among TB-HIV-coinfected patients accounted for a considerable number of deaths among the cohort. Patients with cough at ART initiation and with poor functional status should be strictly followed to reduce death.