Do dynamic and static clinical measurements correlate with gait analysis parameters in children with cerebral palsy?
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Gait and posture. - Oxford
, p. 302-313
The present study documents the correlation between gait analysis data and clinical measurements and evaluates the combined predictive value of static and dynamic clinical measurements on gait data of children with cerebral palsy. Two hundred patients were evaluated using a set of measurements of range of motion (ROM), alignment, spasticity, strength and selectivity, and by three-dimensional gait analysis. Fair to moderate correlations were found between clinical measurements and gait data, the overall highest correlation being 0.60. Clinical data of strength and selectivity had the highest degree of significant correlations with gait data, compared to the ROM and spasticity. ROM, spasticity and strength measurements for the hip in the coronal plane and spasticity of rectus femoris most frequently showed fair to moderate correlations to gait data. Time and distance and EMG parameters mainly correlated with strength and selectivity parameters. Unexpectedly, alignment parameters only fairly correlated with hip rotation in stance. Multiple regression analysis revealed that adding dynamic clinical measurements (spasticity, strength and selectivity) to a static model (ROM) enhanced the link between clinical measurements and gait data. The variance of gait parameters was better explained by a combined model of static and dynamic clinical measurements, compared to a purely static model. However, R2-values were low. Gait analysis data cannot be sufficiently predicted by a combination of clinical measurements. The independence of the measurements supports the notion that both, clinical examination and gait analysis data provide important information for delineating the problems of children with CP.