Publication
Title
Importance of biofilm formation and dipeptidyl peptidase IV for the pathogenicity of clinical **Porphyromonas gingivalis** isolates
Author
Abstract
The ability of Porphyromonas gingivalis to cause adult periodontitis is determined by its arsenal of virulence factors. Here, we investigated the importance of biofilm formation and bacterial dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) for the pathogenicity of clinical P. gingivalis isolates. In our study, the isolates with biofilm-forming capacity also showed high DPPIV activity in vitro. Moreover, DPPIV activity increased in P. gingivalis biofilms compared to planktonic cells. In a murine subcutaneous abscess model, the biofilm-forming isolates with high DPPIV activity proved to be pathogenic, while the nonbiofilm formers with low DPPIV activity did not induce abscesses. The biofilm-forming ATCC 33277 strain with low DPPIV activity was not pathogenic in mice either. Our results suggest that biofilm formation and DPPIV activity contribute to the pathogenic potential of P. gingivalis. Furthermore, we show that biofilm formation may enhance P. gingivalis virulence through an increased DPPIV activity. Because of their importance for bacterial colonization and growth, biofilm formation and DPPIV activity could present interesting therapeutic targets to tackle periodontitis.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Pathogens and disease
Publication
2014
ISSN
2049-632X
Volume/pages
70:3(2014), p. 408-413
ISI
000334124300023
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
[E?say:metaLocaldata.cgzprojectinf]
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 22.04.2014
Last edited 13.11.2017
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