2-hydroxyterpenylic acid : an oxygenated marker compound for alpha-pinene secondary organic aerosol in ambient fine aerosol
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Environmental science and technology / American Chemical Society. - Easton, Pa
, p. 4901-4908
University of Antwerp
An oxygenated MW 188 compound is commonly observed in substantial abundance in atmospheric aerosol samples and was proposed in previous studies as an a-pinene-related marker compound that is associated with aging processes. Owing to difficulties in producing this compound in sufficient amounts in laboratory studies and the occurrence of isobaric isomers, a complete assignment for individual MW 188 compounds could not be achieved in these studies. Results from a comprehensive mass spectrometric analysis are presented here to corroborate the proposed structure of the most abundant MW 188 compound as a 2-hydroxyterpenylic acid diastereoisomer with 2R,3R configuration. The application of collision-induced dissociation with liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-ion trap mass spectrometry in both negative and positive ion modes, as well as chemical derivatization to methyl ester derivatives and analysis by the latter technique and gas chromatography/electron ionization mass spectrometry, enabled a comprehensive characterization of MW 188 isomers, including a detailed study of the fragmentation behavior using both mass spectrometric techniques. Furthermore, a MW 188 positional isomer, 4-hydroxyterpenylic acid, was tentatively identified, which also is of atmospheric relevance as it could be detected in ambient fine aerosol. Quantum chemical calculations were performed to support the diastereoisomeric assignment of the 2-hydroxyterpenylic acid isomers. Results from a time-resolved a-pinene photooxidation experiment show that the 2-hydroxyterpenylic acid 2R,3R diastereoisomer has a time profile distinctly different from that of 3-methyl-1,2,3-butanetricarboxylic acid, a marker for oxygenated (aged) secondary organic aerosol. This study presents a comprehensive chemical data set for a more complete structural characterization of hydroxyterpenylic acids in ambient fine aerosol, which sets the foundation to better understand the atmospheric fate of a-pinene in future studies.