Title
How do exit rates from social assistance benefit in Belgium vary with individual and local agency characteristics? How do exit rates from social assistance benefit in Belgium vary with individual and local agency characteristics?
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Sociology
Publication type
article
Publication
Greenwich, Conn. :JAI ,
Subject
Sociology
Source (journal)
Research in labor economics. - Greenwich, Conn., 1977, currens
Volume/pages
39(2014) , p. 151-187
ISSN
0147-9121
vabb
c:vabb:380041
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The administration of social assistance benefits is devolved to local agencies in Belgium, which raises questions about how much variation in spell lengths of benefit receipt is associated with differences across agencies. We address this issue by analysing the monthly hazard of benefit exit using administrative record data for 14,270 individuals in 574 welfare agencies. Our random-effects model allows for differences in both the observed and unobserved characteristics of beneficiaries and of local agencies. There are large differences in median benefit duration for individuals serviced by different welfare agencies: the range is from two months to more than 24 months. We find strong associations between beneficiary characteristics (sex, age, foreign nationality, citizenship acquisition, work history, and being a student) and spell length. The estimates show higher odds of exiting social assistance receipt in bigger municipalities and in agencies which provide more generous supplementary assistance, and also strong evidence of shorter episodes in agencies where active labour market programme participation rates are higher.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/8fcd27/b251eb8a.pdf
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/6cb4b2/b3b8255.pdf
Handle