Title
Horizontal logistics collaboration : decreasing costs through flexibility and an adequate cost allocation strategy
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Applied Economics
Publication type
article
Publication
Abingdon ,
Subject
Economics
Source (journal)
International journal of logistics : research & applications. - Abingdon
Volume/pages
17(2014) :4 , p. 339-355
ISSN
1367-5567
ISI
000337964800005
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
When entering a horizontal logistics alliance, companies can expect a significant cost decrease. In this paper, we show that when the partners in an alliance adopt a flexible attitude (i.e. allow changes to the terms of their deliveries), the total cost can be further decreased. We argue that the method used to allocate the total cost to the different partners should therefore encourage such flexibility. A case study of three companies in Belgium achieves a 25.83% decrease in transportation costs. Allocating this collaborative gain with the Shapley value, the individual gains range from 19.01% to 37.56%. By allowing changes to delivery dates and allowing large orders to be split into several deliveries, the partners in the alliance can increase the collaborative gain and their individual gains. The Shapley value is found to encourage flexibility.
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