Title
Unemployment, inequality, poverty and crime. : spatial distribution patterns of criminal acts in Belgium, 2001-06 Unemployment, inequality, poverty and crime. : spatial distribution patterns of criminal acts in Belgium, 2001-06
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Law
Faculty of Social Sciences. Political Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Law
Source (journal)
The British journal of criminology, delinquency and deviant social behaviour. - London, 1960, currens
Volume/pages
51(2011) :1 , p. 1-20
ISSN
0007-0955
1464-3529
ISI
000286217200001
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Previous research has indicated that various deprivation indicators have a positive impact on crime rates at the community level. In this article, we investigate the impact of deprivation indicators on crime in Belgian municipalities (n = 589) for the period 200106. A spatial regression analysis demonstrates that unemployment figures have a strong and significant impact on crime rates, and this effect is stronger than the effect of income levels. Income inequality has a significant positive impact on property crime rates but a negative impact on violent crime. Crime is heavily concentrated in the urban centres of Belgium, but we also observe some important regional variations. Demographic structure was not related to crime levels, while spatial analysis shows there is a spill-over effect to neighbouring communities for property crime, but not for violent crime. We close with some theoretical and policy considerations on the relation between unemployment and crime.
E-info
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