Title
A meta-analysis of serious digital games for healthy lifestyle promotionA meta-analysis of serious digital games for healthy lifestyle promotion
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Communication Sciences
Research group
Media, ICT and interpersonal relations in Organisations and Society (MIOS)
Publication type
article
Publication
New York,
Subject
Sociology
Human medicine
Mass communications
Source (journal)
Preventive medicine. - New York
Volume/pages
69(2014), p. 95-107
ISSN
0091-7435
ISI
000346221600018
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Several systematic reviews have described health-promoting effects of serious games but so far no meta-analysis has been reported. This paper presents a meta-analysis of 54 serious digital game studies for healthy lifestyle promotion, in which we investigated the overall effectiveness of serious digital games on healthy lifestyle promotion outcomes and the role of theoretically and clinically important moderators. Findings showed that serious games have small positive effects on healthy lifestyles (g = 0.252, 95% CI 0.146; 0.358) and their determinants (g = 0.334, 95% CI 0.260; 0.407), especially for knowledge. Effects on clinical outcomes were significant, but much smaller (g = 0.079, 95% CI 0.038; 0.120). Long-term effects were maintained for all outcomes except for behavior. Serious games are best individually tailored to both socio-demographic and change need information, and benefit from a strong focus on game theories or a dual theoretical foundation in both behavioral prediction and game theories. They can be effective either as a stand-alone or multi-component programs, and appeal to populations regardless of age and gender. Given that effects of games remain heterogeneous, further explorations of which game features create larger effects are needed.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/b92ff0/9468.pdf
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