DPP IV inhibitor treatment attenuates bone loss and improves mechanical bone strength in male diabetic rats
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
American journal of physiology: endocrinology and metabolism / American Physiological Society. - Bethesda, Md
, p. E447-E455
University of Antwerp
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) modulates protein activity by removing dipeptides. DPP IV inhibitors are currently used to improve glucose tolerance in type 2 diabetes patients. DPP IV substrates not only increase insulin secretion but also affect bone metabolism. In this study, the effect of DPP IV inhibitor sitagliptin on bone was evaluated in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. This study included 64 male Wistar rats divided into four groups (n = 16): two diabetic and two control groups. One diabetic and one control group received sitagliptin through drinking water. Tibiae were scanned every 3 wk using an in vivo μCT scanner. After 6 and 12 wk, rats were euthanized for histomorphometric analysis of bone parameters. The mechanical resistance of femora to fracture was assessed using a three-point bending test, and serum levels of bone metabolic markers were measured. Efficient DPP IV inhibition was achieved in sitagliptin-treated groups. Trabecular bone loss, the decrease in trabecular number, and the increase in trabecular spacing was attenuated through sitagliptin treatment in diabetic rats, as shown by in vivo μCT. Bone histomorphometry was in line with these results. μCT analysis furthermore showed that sitagliptin prevented cortical bone growth stagnation in diabetic rats, resulting in stronger femora during three-point bending. Finally, the serum levels of the resorption marker CTX-I were significantly lower in sitagliptin-treated diabetic animals compared with untreated diabetic animals. In conclusion, sitagliptin treatment attenuates bone loss and increases bone strength in diabetic rats probably through the reduction of bone resorption and independent of glycemic management.