Prognostic factors for discharge destination after acute stroke : a comprehensive literature review
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Disability and rehabilitation. - London, 1992, currens
, p. 1214-1227
University of Antwerp
Purpose: In the future, budget constraints will make efficient care for stroke patients more important. The cost of hospitalization for stroke is high. It is desirable to consider a patients discharge destination soon after onset and thereby screen patients for further care. This study aims to review the evidence of factors that determine discharge destinations after acute phase of stroke in adult patients. Methods: The systematic literature search was performed in seven databases. This systematic review was conducted by the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA statement). Full-text articles were included and assessed for methodological quality by two independent researchers. Results: Eighteen articles were selected that demonstrate factors defining discharge destination. Younger age, good post-stroke admission to a teaching hospital, and a number of medical factors are determinants to a favorable discharge destination. Determinants for unfavorable discharge destinations were a severe stroke, high body mass index, alcohol abuse, statin withdrawal during hospitalization, the presence of comorbidities like respiratory failure and dementia or having a Medicaid insurance. Conclusion: Patient initial medical care, age and sex, neurological and medical complications and environmental/socio-economic factors should be considered in the decision-making process for discharge destination.