Title
Local spotted hyena abundance and community tolerance of depredation in human-dominated landscapes in Northern Ethiopia
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
Hamburg ,
Subject
Biology
Source (journal)
Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde. - Hamburg
Volume/pages
79(2014) :5 , p. 325-330
ISSN
1616-5047
ISI
000340984000006
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The generally accepted wisdom that large carnivores cannot survive in human dominated landscapes does not hold true in Ethiopia. The present work reports on spotted hyena abundance and distribution in and around three National Forest Priority Areas in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Calling stations were used to assess spotted hyena abundance and distribution in and outside the protected areas. We assessed human tolerance towards predators and factors responsible for livestock loss. The response outside the forest was significantly higher. Predators, disease and theft were the factors responsible for livestock loss. The presence of a guard, the construction of an enclosure and the presence of dogs were used to mitigate livestock depredation. The majority of the respondents had a positive attitude towards predator conservation. Our data suggest that spotted hyenas in our study area are more abundant and widely distributed in human-dominated landscapes than in natural forest areas, probably because of better scavenging opportunities from human waste and livestock. (C) 2014 Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Saugetierkunde. Published by Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
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