The relevance of a "Culture of Migration" in understanding migration aspirations in contemporary Turkey
De Clerck, Helene Marie-Lou
Faculty of Social Sciences. Sociology
Turkish studies. - Abingdon
, p. 496-518
University of Antwerp
This article investigates the relevance of the presence of a "culture of migration" and related migration feedback mechanisms for explaining migration aspirations. This study focuses on the districts of Dinar and Emirdag. in Turkey-which have a distinct migration history toward Europe. The question is raised whether and how migration aspirations of potential migrants change according to the presence of a "culture of migration"-living in a migration-impacted region or not. This study relies on data collected in these two regions on the basis of a representative survey and in-depth interviews collected in the context of the EUMAGINE project (2010-13). Migration aspirations in a region characterized by a "culture of migration"-Emirdag-prove to be significantly lower than that in a similar socioeconomic region, but with no "culture of migration"-Dinar. Perceptions of the economic opportunities in Europe and of the working and living conditions of immigrants in Europe are more negative in the migration-impacted region of Emirdag. than in Dinar. It is interesting to note that the population in Emirdag. has still a similar (positive) vision on the democratic and human rights capital in Europe, as the population in Dinar.