Validation of a novel in vitro assay using ultra performance liquid chromatographymass spectrometry (UPLC/MS) to detect and quantify hydroxylated metabolites of BDE-99 in rat liver microsomes
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Journal of chromatography : B: analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences. - Amsterdam, 2002, currens
, p. 1562-1568
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an ultra performance liquid chromatographymass spectrometry (UPLC/MS) method to investigate the hepatic oxidative metabolism of 2,2′,4,4′,5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-99), a widely used flame retardant and ubiquitous environmental contaminant. Hydroxylated metabolites were extracted using liquid-to-liquid extraction, resolved on a C18 column with gradient elution and detected by mass spectrometry in single ion recording mode using electrospray negative ionization. The assay was validated for linearity, accuracy, precision, limit of quantification, range and recovery. Calibration curves were linear (R2 ≥ 0.98) over a concentration range of 0.0101.0 μM for 4-OH-2,2′,3,4′,5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (4-OH-BDE-90), 5′-OH-2,2′,4,4′,5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (5′-OH-BDE-99) and 6′-OH-2,2′,4,4′,5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (6′-OH-BDE-99), and a concentration range of 0.062512.5 μM for 2,4,5-tribromophenol (2,4,5-TBP). Inter- and intra-day accuracy values ranged from −2.0% to 6.0% and from −7.7% to 7.3%, respectively, and inter- and intra-day precision values ranged from 2.0% to 8.5% and from 2.2% to 8.6% (n = 6), respectively. The limits of quantification were 0.010 μM for 4-OH-BDE-90, 5′-OH-BDE-99 and 6′-OH-BDE-99, and 0.0625 μM for 2,4,5-TBP. Recovery values ranged between 85 and 100% for the four analytes. The validated analytical method was applied to identify and quantify hydroxy BDE-99 metabolites formed in vitro. Incubation of BDE-99 with rat liver microsomes yielded 4-OH-BDE-90 and 6′-OH-BDE-99 as major metabolites and 5′-OH-BDE-99 and 2,4,5-TBP as minor metabolites. To our knowledge, this is the first validated UPLC/MS method to quantify hydroxylated metabolites of PBDEs without the need of derivatization.