Title
Progression free survival rate at 9 and 18 weeks predict overall survival in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma: An individual patient pooled analysis of 10 European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Lung Cancer Group studies and an independent study validation Progression free survival rate at 9 and 18 weeks predict overall survival in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma: An individual patient pooled analysis of 10 European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Lung Cancer Group studies and an independent study validation
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
European journal of cancer
Volume/pages
50(2014) :16 , p. 2771-2782
ISSN
0959-8049
ISI
000342701500004
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Background: Response criteria have always been difficult to apply to malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), due to its unique pattern of growth. We developed some models to show that progression free survival rate (PFSR) could be a better predictor of overall survival (OS) than the response rate (RR) in MPM patients. The results were validated independently in the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 08052, a phase II study in MPM. Methods: Individual patient data from 10 EORTC-Lung Cancer Group (LCG) studies of first-line chemotherapy in MPM were pooled. Response to therapy was assessed according to World Health Organisation (WHO) criteria in all except the two most recent trials, which used Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST). Landmark analyses (LA) at 9 weeks and 18 weeks after registration/randomisation were performed to assess the association between PFSR and OS. Independent validation of the results was conducted in EORTC 08052 study (82 patients) employing the same LA. Results: All 10 studies (N = 523 patients) were included in the LA of PFSR at 9 and 18 weeks (PFSR-9 and PFSR-18). PFSR-9 and PFSR-18 were confirmed as predictors of OS, with hazard ratio (HR) of 0.37 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.30-0.47) and 0.50 (0.38-0.65) and C-index of 0.62 and 0.58, respectively. In the validation study, 28.4% achieved CR/PR and 77.8% had disease control (CR/PR/SD) as their best overall response. PFSR-9 and PFSR-18 weeks were both strongly correlated with OS (HR of 0.35 [80% CI, 0.25-0.49] and 0.46 (0.32-0.67) and C-index of 0.66 and 0.60, respectively). Conclusion: PFSR-18 was strongly correlated and discriminated patients with better OS from the poorer prognosis patients. An earlier end-point, PFSR-9 was also strongly correlated to OS with better discriminating capacity. The results were independently validated. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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