Publication
Title
Mechanisms of Pelvic Organ Cross-Talk: Impact of Urethral Ligation on the Inhibitory Rectovesical Reflex
Author
Abstract
Purpose: The existence of an inhibitory rectovesical reflex elicited by noxious colorectal afferent input was previously documented in an isovolumetric cystometry model with a ligated urethra. We compared the effect of noxious colorectal distension on bladder cystometry with an open and a ligated urethra. Materials and Methods: We used female Sprague Dawley (R) rats anesthetized with urethane. The effect of noxious (60 mm Hg) colorectal distension on intermittent and continuous cystometry with an open urethra was studied and then compared to inhibiting isovolumetric bladder contractions in the same rat after ligating the urethra. We evaluated volume, the pressure micturition threshold, the intercontraction interval, bladder contraction frequency and amplitude of micturition contractions. Results: Noxious colorectal distension at 60 mm Hg did not significantly influence volume or the pressure micturition threshold during intermittent cystometry. It also did not influence the pressure micturition threshold, the intercontraction interval or bladder contraction frequency during continuous cystometry. After urethral ligation 60 mm Hg colorectal distension inhibited isovolumetric bladder contraction frequency in the same rat (mean +/- SEM 0.363 +/- 0.207 vs 0.886 +/- 0.106 contractions per minute, p < 0.05). This inhibition persisted a mean of 289.08 +/- 91.24 seconds after deflating the rectal balloon. Conclusions: The inhibitory rectovesical reflex elicited by noxious colorectal distension clearly occurred in an isovolumetric bladder model with a ligated urethra but only to a negligible extent in filling related voiding contractions. Our results suggest that the inhibitory rectovesical reflex, most likely at the level of the lumbosacral spinal cord, is the result of an additive noxious urethral and colonic afferent stimulus.
Language
English
Source (journal)
The journal of urology. - Baltimore, Md
Publication
Baltimore, Md : 2014
ISSN
0022-5347
Volume/pages
192:5(2014), p. 1574-1579
ISI
000343856900093
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 10.12.2014
Last edited 09.12.2017
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