Publication
Title
Detection of ALK expression in non-small-cell lung cancer with ALK gene rearrangements - comparison of multiple immunohistochemical methods
Author
Abstract
AimTesting for ALK rearrangements in advanced, non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancers that are wild-type for activating EGFR mutation has become standard care. Fluorescence in-situ hybridization is considered the gold standard for this evaluation. Pre-screening with immunohistochemistry has been suggested, to reduce testing costs and to make testing more widely available. By analysing the sensitivity and specificity of different ALK immunohistochemical assays, we aimed to identify the most reliable assay to detect ALK rearrangement. Methods and resultsALK screening performed by FISH analysis was compared with three different immunohistochemical assays, in which two ALK antibody clones (5A4 and D5F3) were used on two detection platforms (Dako AutostainerLink 48 and Ventana Benchmark GX). Data from 30 ALK FISH-positive cases show that the sensitivity of the immunohistochemical assays varies from 93.3% to 96.6%. Head-to-head comparison of the 5A4 and D5F3 ALK antibody clones demonstrates similar staining potency. In general, homogeneous, intermediate to strong staining of the ALK-positive samples was obtained. ConclusionsALK immunohistochemistry can be considered as a pre-screen method if one accepts a sensitivity of 93.3-96.6%. Because ALK immunohistochemical staining needs to be performed close to the detection limit of the assay, vigilant quality control monitoring is required to guarantee trustworthy results.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Histopathology. - Oxford
Publication
Oxford : 2014
ISSN
0309-0167
Volume/pages
65:4(2014), p. 539-548
ISI
000344381100011
Full text (Publishers DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 10.12.2014
Last edited 21.05.2017
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