A hybrid peace through locally owned and externally financed SSR-DDR in Rwanda?A hybrid peace through locally owned and externally financed SSR-DDR in Rwanda?
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Development processes, actors and policies
Third world quarterly
33(2012):7, p. 1323-1336
This article aims to critically examine Rwanda's security sector reform and disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (ssrddr) process through a theoretical framework outlining four different models of peace processes in order to identify the sort of peace that can emerge from Rwanda's ssrddr approach. The author analyses how the Rwandan government has managed to keep the process locally owned, while largely financed by external actors, despite strong criticism of its apparent lack of democratisation. The genocide credit, the Rwandan government's preference for national, rather than international solutions and its recent troop contribution to peacebuilding operations in the region are identified as the main reasons for this development. The paper argues that the peace emanating from the ssrddr process may be considered a hybrid form of state formation and state building, because of the local agency's preference for security and stability while simultaneously enjoying financial and technocratic support for its liberal peacebuilding actions in the region.